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Tax rates in Finland, Part II a – the wage earners vs. pension income

 07.08.2018

The wage earners vs. pension income – tax rates in Finland

koottu_kolme_1491x680_447x204

In Finland funded by taxes

 
 

OBLIGATORY PENSION CONTIBUTIONS

In Finland you do not have to worry about your pension if you get regularly wage income. Your employer withholds among other taxes and contributions about 5-7 percent to Tax Administration and then to special companies to save them for you later pension (and to invest).

The pension contributes are obligatory by law but if you think your future pension income is not enough to you, you can have private insurances.

Tax Rates of Wages vs. Pensions 2018 in Finland_graph

Tax Rates of Wages vs. Pensions 2018 in Finland

 

THE TAXES ARE AT THE SAME LEVEL

Pensions are taxable income and the tax rates are very close to the ones of wages. These tax rates  are not discussed as often as the general level of the real pension income. Is it correct to tax pensions? In some way they are taxed once before, this is the same argument that the inheritance tax is said not to be just (to them who inherits).

THE FAIREST POINT

Evidently the only fair point is the tax rate below pensions 15 000 euro/year = 1 250 euro/month. The pension income is tax-free to 11 000 euro and after that 5 – 10 %. About one third of pensioners have income below point 15 000 euro/year. Is it enough to living – it is enough in Finland if you have an own apartment. The housing allowance also helps a little)

Finnish Centre for Pensions (ETK, eläketurvakeskus), Statistics:  etk.fi

In Finnish:

PAKKOSÄÄSTÄMINEN

Suomen eläkkeet perustuvat pakkosäästämiseen ja 6-7 prosentin maksut pidätetään
heti palkan päältä ilman helpotuksia tai vähennyksiä itse maksuista. Verotus muuten
kevenee näiden maksujen vähennyskelpoisuudella.

PALKKA JA ELÄKE SAMANARVOISIA VEROTUKSESSA

Palkan ja eläkkeen veroprosentit ovat vähänkin suuremmilla eläketuloilla samat kuin
palkansaajilla. Onko tämä oikein, koska ne maksut on tavallaan jo kertaalleen
ansaittu ja verotettu? Perintöveroakin vastustetaan, kun ne tulot ovat jo
kertaalleen verotettu.

ETU PIENEMPITULOISELLA – ELÄKKEELLÄ

Toisaalta kolmannes eläkkeistä on (lähes) verovapaata n. 1250 euron kuukausieläkkeeseen
saakka, tuleeko sillä 1250:llä toimeen, alemmat lienevät jo rehellisesti sanottuna liian pieniä. Todennäköisesti tulee toimeen, jos on velaton asunto ja ei ole kauheaa hinkua eksklusiiviseen kulutukseen ja ei ole terveyshaittoja ja -menoja.

AIKAA VAI RAHAA KULUTTAA

Toisaalta töissä menee kaikki aika, eikä ole aikaa kulutukseen, eläkkeellä
voisi olla aikaa, mutta pienellä (kohtuu)eläkkeellä voinee tyytyä pienempään kulutukseen. Ei ole ehkä viisasta hairahtua pelaamaan tai erikoisiin sijoitustuotteisiin rikastuakseen.

ISOMMAT ELÄKKEET

Eläkkeensaajista yli 43 000 euron vuosieläkettä saa noin 10 prosenttia eli
140 000 eläkkeensaajaa. Tämän ryhmän verotusta on pidetty liian kovana (siis he itse) ja sitä on käsitellyt Korkein hallinto-oikeus (KHO 2016:180). Toisaalta, jos lähdetään valittamaan eikö koko eläkeläisten verotus ole siis liian kovaa (paitsi tietenkin pienten eläkkeiden verovapaus).

Tax calculator for Finland -suomalainen verolaskuri

28.08.2018

The simplified calculator /Selkeä verolaskuri

http://hellsten.fi/Taxratefinland.php

Background:

TO PLAN THE TAXATION OF NEXT YEAR

Now (August 2018) the Finnish Government is planning (or try to reach consensus) the tax rates of the year 2019. The main point in public is the taxation of the wages.

Unemployment benefits and pensions are also taxable but with different rates

  • the basic unemployment benefit (700,00 euro/month = 8 400 euro/year) is also taxed
  • if you have work experience before unemployment the sum could be 11 000 – 16 000 /euro/year
  • The low pensions are free of all taxes and charges
  • The typical wage in Finland is about 20 000 – 40 000 euro/year
  • The typical pension for the former wage-earners in Finland is < 20 000 euro/year.
  • Test the exact point, when the taxation of pensions begins

Test the exact total income sum of 55 000 euros/year ( 4 600/month) and compare the tax rates of wages and pensions, what do you notice?

What is the taxation rate of basic unemployment benefit (compare it to the wage on the same level or the pension)

**********
SYKSYN VERONEUVOTTELUT

Nyt (elokuu 2018) hallitus suunnittelee ensi vuoden veroprosentteja, erityisesti ollaan aina huolissaan työn verotuksen mahdollisesta kireydestä (laajemmin budjettiriihi).

  • tyypillinen palkkatulo kokoaikatyöstä voisi olla 20 000 – 40 000 euroa vuodessa
  • peruspäiväraha työttömille ilman ansio-osaa on 7 000 euroa vuodessa
  • ansiosidonnainen voisi olla jotain 11-16 000 välillä vuotta kohti
  • töiden jälkeen saatu eläke (tavallinen rikkeetön työhistoria) lienee 20 000:n euron kieppeillä.
  • mistä eläketulosta lähtien alkaa verotus? (testaa)
  • testaa tasan 55 000 euron vuosituloja (4 600/kk), vertaa palkan ja eläkkeen prosentteja
  • laske laskurilla peruspäivärahan verotusprosentti
    Calculator is coded exact according Finnish Income Tax Act (1535/1992)

    Laskurin kaavat perustuvat tuloverolakiin (1535/19992, TVL)

Simplified Tax calculator

Coded Tax calculator could help

In Finland you get all back for your taxes

27.06.2018

koottu_kolme_1491x680_447x204

In Finland funded by taxes




In Finland you get all back for your taxes

 

The graphs and tables are counted and drawn by Excel VBA and finished with Paint.NET. The formulas used are derived Finnish Income Tax Act (1553/1992)


Tax_rates_Finland_2018_taulukko

 

 

OBLIGATORY CONTRIBUTIONS AND OBLIGATORY RETIREMENT PLAN

The lowest line (blue) represents all kind of obligatory (Social Security …) contributions you have to pay. They are paid for your pension and for the situations of sick leaves and for sickness & unemployment benefits. In Finland you get pension without you your own agreements with your employer or a private company.

Finland state with Tax Administration collects these premiums, but the real system is so that you employer withholds these directly and automatically before paying wages to you (usual withholding system).

Is it a good pension which your get? That is the good question, but if it is not obligatory you may not take care of it during working years. The retirement and other contributions are about 10 percent of the total earned wage (no deductions or other reliefs). Of course you can also save extra money to your pension with different kind of systems and get some tax-reliefs. Any way even the lowest wages (from 1 euro up) must pay all the contributions.

LOCAL TAXES FROM 16 000 EURO/year

The red line (the second) represents local taxes. Local (city) income taxes are collected at the same time as other income taxes. In practice it does not vary much between the cities. If your income per year is about 16 000 or more you have to pay local taxes. Almost everywhere in Finland your have a short distance to a good local public basic school which is only partly funded by your local taxes. The rest of funding comes by other taxes and it is in almost same level everywhere.

We have no private schools except some special schools, which are religious or have some special ideology of the education

After the wage income 16 000 a year you pay local tax a little. The tax rate increases very quickly. The last value of local tax rate is about 17 %. at the point of 46 000 euro/year. After that the local tax has no progression .

WHAT DO YOU GET – THE BENEFIT OF HIGH TAX RATES

The income tax rates of the wage-earners are quite high in Finland, but what your receive back for the money you pay? The whole education system is funded by taxes and you have not to begin save money, when you get children. The universities are not like Harvard, but we have to exchange knowledge and learn (and we learn) language. The universities are in good average level in Europe and in the whole world.

… AND HEALTHCARE AND SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM FINLAND

… is almost totally funded by taxes. The customers have to pay little contributions (10 –100 euro) of every visit to a doctor. We have also a quite small private sector, but it is a good competitor to a public sector. It is not too expensive in easy cases and you get help almost immediately. You must queue a little to public sector services.

The yellow line (the highest) represents taxes you pay to the state (like Federal Income Tax in USA). The real tax duty to state tax begins from 36 000 euro/year. The scale of it is progressive, the total maximum tax rate is below 50%. In the table there is a wage of amount 435 000 euro / year (53 % tax rate), but we have about 400 (four hundred) wage-earnes on this level. The number of wage earners (even the smallest) is about 2,4 million. The richest people in Finland do not primarily earn wages; they have capital income(s) with tax rate 34 per cent (no progression).

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BY THE WAY:
We do not pay taxes according our marriage status only according income level (and a few natural deductions) – if we have children (under 17 age) we have no reliefs in taxation but we get social benefits.



a book which compares USA and Finland systems (not detailed tax information, but opinions to think):  Anu Partanen: Nordic theory of everything

Some techical and detailed information of drawing tax rate graphs (with R -language)

 

Ten nights to Christmas Eve – 10 yötä jouluaattoon

14th of December, 2016

In Finland we count days (nights) to Christmas Eve – it is a holiday for most until Boxing Day and we all hope snow – a White Christmas – let’s see.

Lake_Vanaja_10_12_2016_ice

The Lake Vanaja is already frozen (iced), 10th of December, 2016, near city of Tampere, at three o’clock pm, the Sun has already set

Vanajavedellä on jo jääkansi, kuva otettu bussin ikkunasta, kolmelta iltapäivällä, aurinko on jo lähes laskenut

 

Christmas_window_Tampere_Sokos_10_12_2016

The Chrismas-window in the city of Tampere, Christmas elfs (helpers of Santa Claus), Christmas Tree …

Sokoksen jouluikkuna Tampereella, tonttuja, jääkarhuja, joulukuusi, aiheena eläinten joulusirkus smiley.

 

Christmas_window_Iittala_01_12_2016

The Christmas-window the small village of Iittala (the world-wide known glass-factory lies there), reindeers, trees.. and the paper Hauskaa Joulua = Merry Christmas

Iittalan pienen paperikaupan myös perinteinen jouluikkuna, lapussa hauskaa joulua! Iittalan lasitehtaan ja lasimyymälän vieressä.

Hyvää Joulua ja jos mahdollista parempaa Uutta Vuotta!
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!

hopes Rafael Hellsten and Christmas cat Cinnamon and Donna (she is darker one)
Cinnamon_1_10_2016

Christmas_cats_2016

All the education expenses of the graduated 140 000 EUR – koko koulutus: 140 000 euroa

ALL THE EXPENSES TO THE GRADUATED STUDENTS: 140 000 EUR ONE REASON TO COLLECT TAXES

The expenses of one student in the Finnish university

(sum total 100 000 students) are on average 8 000 EUR ( 5 000 EUR: law students, 30 000 medical students) per year. The Finnish students or they parents do not pay them, all the expenses are funded by the taxes.

How can you pay back?

But what do you get after examination, do you get work? The society have invested to you, OK, but how can you pay back if you don’t have a workplace?

Base education, expenses

The elementary school (the primary school) and the upper secondary education (high schools, “lukio”) expenses are on the average 100 000 euros per one student; also the total costs to ages from 7 to 19, together 12 years.

THE EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES: The main objective of Finnish education policy is to offer all citizens equal opportunities to receive education.

(Finnish National Board of Education)

yo-lakki_student_cap

Finnish student cap and the rose -after 12 years, and a very traditional celebration at the end of May,

and after that every first of May, great, great carneval !!! I celebrate every year in Turku, the former capital of Finland and my first city to study after base education

 

In Finnish

NUOREN KOKO KOULUTUS MAKSAA YLIOPISTOSTA VALMISTUNUTTA  KOHTI 140 000 EUROA

Yliopistokoulutus Suomessa maksaa opiskelijaa kohti noin 5 000 eurosta jopa 30 000:een euroon opiskelijaa ja vuotta kohti. Valtio kouluttaa oikeustieteen opiskelijat halvimmalla ja kalleinta on lääketieteen koulutus Helsingin yliopistossa. Keskiarvo voisi olla 8 000 vuodessa opiskelijaa kohti.

Peruskoulu (+esikoulu) maksaa keskimäärin 8 000 euroa oppilasta ja vuotta kohti ja lukiokoulutus 6 000 euroa vuotta ja oppilasta kohti

Yksi korkeakoulutettu nuori on tullut maksamaan 9×8 000 + 18 000 + 5v×8 000 e/v = 140 000 euroa valtiolle ja kunnille. Kaikki nämä maksetaan veroista.

Muistetaanko tätä panostusta käyttää valmistumisen jälkeen yhteiskunnan ja nuoren itsensä hyväksi?

Vuoden 2009 yliopistojen koulutuskustannukset

Opetustoimen rahoituslaki

Oma artikkeli Kuntalehdessä perusopetuksen
kustannuksista 2007

Indepence Day of Finland 6th of December 2016 – Itsenäisyyspäivää !

Glorious, Great and Happy Indepence day to all of us – and thanks for the earlier generations, one year and then the 100th Anniversary Day

In Finnish

Juhlavaa itsenäisyyspäivää koko Suomelle ja kiitos menneille sukupolville, kiitos koulutuksesta, terveydenhuollosta ja tasa-arvosta!!! Sitten vielä yksi vuosi ja satanen on täynnä!

Inpence candle

To stimulate with loan or not – valtio lainalla eteenpäin?

exchange-of-ideas of stimulating

The citizens also should have a simplified economic model to use: the quality of conservation would rise

Ministry of Finance has a software named KOOMA (coma) which calculates and evaluates economics. (DSGE, dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model).

In Finland we are thinking would it be reasonable to the state to take loan and distribute money to STIMULATE or vice verca. KOOMA says that to take loan and distribute it helps and stimulate for some years, but then comes the end and there are only loan to pay, true or not, there is criticism too.

But why the Ministry is using the model alone? It would be interesting to have a simplified model to everyone – the quality of economic conversation would rise.

In Finnish

Valtiovarainministeriöllä on käytössään ohjelmisto KOOMA, joka arvioi erilaisten toimenpiteiden vaikutusta talouteen. Helsingin Sanomat testautti, mitä tapahtuisi, jos valtio ottaisi lainaa ja jakaisi rahaa talouden vauhdittamiseksi ja työttömyyden vähentämiseksi.

KOOMA antoi tuloksen, että muutaman hyvän vuoden jälkeen tulisi juuri tuo kooma (kyllä hyytyminen smiley), talous pysähtyisi ja vain laina olisi jäljellä.

Miten käynee, tätä mallin käyttöä on kritisoitu, mutta on parempi, että  LASKETAAN ja arvioidaan – että on edes jotain kättä pidempää, eikä pelkästään poliittisia kannanottoja. Mallista pitäisi vain saada kansanpainos ainakin laskutaitoisille, jotta  kansa saisi testata itse ja arvioida.

Helsingin sanomat 20th of November, 2016, the main newspaper

The expenses of education/year/student – opetuskustannukset

Expenses of education: pre-primary to universities in Finland

EDUCATION TYPE billions EUR students EUR/student/year
Pre_primary_education, one-year 0,4 60 000 6 700
Basic education, 9 years 4,5 550 000 8 200
General upper secondary 3 years (lukio) 0,8 100 000 8 000
Vocational education 3 years 1,7 130 000 13 000
Universities of Applied Sciences (AMK) 0,9 140 000 6 500
University education and research 2,3 160 000 14 300
Other education, administration 0,8 100 000
Student financial aid 0,9
12,3 1 240 000

Total sum 1,2 billion EUR (1 200 MEUR) is 6 % of GDP (gross domestic product). All these expenses are funded by taxes – students get also (a little) financial aid to living.

Universities-Harvard-contacts

Universities in Finland are not so famous than Harvard etc. and not so expensive. One year in Harvard costs about 60 000 – 100 000 dollars. Maybe the main thing is not the quality of teaching (only), but the contacts you get, when you are studying. In Finland you can graduate easily only by passing the literary examinations.

Opetuskustannukset esiopetuksesta yliopistoon

Esiopetus, ammattikouluopetus ja muutkin opetusmuodot maksavat karkeasti ottaen kymmenen tuhatta euroa vuotta ja oppilasta kohden.  Tämä kaikki siis kustannetaan verovaroista, yhteensä 12 miljardia euroa vuodessa. Opiskelijat saavat lisäksi vielä opintotukea.

Yliopistot-Harvard-kontaktit

Yhdysvalloissa on kallis, maksullinen ja kuuluisa Harvardin yliopisto. Harvardin vuosi maksaa jotain 60 000 euroa. Opetuksen laatu ei ole välttämättä se ydinkysymys. Harvardissa saat opiskelun  jälkeiseen aikaan arvokkaita kontakteja. Suomessa saat suorittaa vain tentit – ja minne valmistumisen jälkeen?

Tilastokeskus, Statistics Finland

Ylen juttu Harvardin käyneistä

History of health care in Finland – terveydenhoidon historiaa

health_care_center_Finland

The health care center in the municipal of former Kalvola ( 3 000 residents), situated in the village of Iittala. It built when the welfare state began in Finland in the early 1970s.

Health care centers

Every municipal have at least one health center in primary care with 1-2 doctors. Even in municipals which have under 2 000 residents there is a health center. Now it is said that it is too expensive to maintain these in small municipals.

Before health care centers

Before health centers and welfare state almost every municipal had a private doctor. The municipal  gave them a house to live in and reception place but not the wage. The doctors invoiced like a private doctor, because they were in a way entrepreneurs.

The former place of “municipal-private” doctor in the same Iittala village.

2municipal_private_doctor_home_25_9_2013

In Finnish

Ennen terveyskeskuksia oli kunnanlääkärijärjestelmä. Jokaisessa pienessäkin kunnassa oli kunnanlääkäri, joka teki töitä omaan laskuun, mutta kunta antoi verovaroilla asunnon ja vastaanottotilat. Tämä järjestelmä loppui, kun edellinen “terveysuudistus” tehtiin 1970-luvun alussa. Lääkäreiden sanottiin ansaitsevan enemmän kuin ministerit.